Tiếng anh 6


She. She khổng lồ have a year off và go round the world with another girl. Enjoys travelling plans Gerund (V-ing) khổng lồ infinitive


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Unit 1: FRIENDSHIP LANGUAGE FOCUS: GERUNDS và INFINITIVES GERUNDS và INFINITIVES BI GING IN T TING ANH 11 Read the text about Pippa Wilson và answer some questions Pippa Wilson is studying sale at university. She enjoys travelling & would probably like to work for a tour company. Lặng not sure yet exactly what I want to lớn do. After university, im going to lớn have a year off và Im going round the world with another girl. We hope to lớn find work on the way. 1. What is P.W doing? 2. What does she enjoy doing? 3. What does she plan to do after university? She. She lớn have a year off & go round the world with another girl. Enjoys travelling plans Gerund (V-ing) to lớn infinitive UNIT1: GERUNDS và INFINITIVES SOME EXCEPTIONS + V-ing 1. Prepositions (in, on, at, about, for, to...) + V-ing Note: " To" in these expressions is a preposition. * be accustomed to = be used khổng lồ = get used to * be committed to: cam kt, ha lm g * be devoted to: ht lng, tn tu vi * be opposed to: phn i * look forward to: trng mong, ước ao i * in addition to: ngoi... Ra * object to: phn i * be resigned khổng lồ : cam chu Ex: Thank you for helping carry the packages to lớn the post office. : quen lm g Ex: Thank you for helping carry the packages khổng lồ the post office. * Prefer + (v-ing) to lớn + (v+ing) = prefer to bởi St than (do) St: thch lm g thành phố hà nội lm g * would prefer + lớn inf. = would rather + bare inf. Ex: Well, Id prefer lớn go by car. * would prefer + to lớn inf. + rather than + bare inf. Ex: Id prefer lớn stay at home tonight rather than go lớn the cinema. (= Well, Id rather go by car.) + V-ing Adjectives (happy, interesting, easy...) + to-infinitives But: busy worth (ng lm g) Ex: I was surprised khổng lồ see Tim at the party. This book is worth reading. 3. Some SPECIAL EXPRESSIONS followed by Gerund (V-ing) * go+ V-ing Ex: go swimming, go shopping, go skiing, go fishing... * can"t help (khng th khng, khng th nhn c)+ V-ing Ex: I can"t help worrying about it. 2. * Its no use / Its no good /Theres no point in (chng c ch li g) + V-ing Ex: Its no good trying lớn persuade me. You wont succeed. Theres no point in buying a car if you never use it. * have fun / a (good / hard) time... Have difficulty / trouble + V-ing Ex: I had difficulty finding a place lớn live. We had fun playing volleyball. * spend waste + time / money+ V-ing Ex: Sam spends most of his time studying. She wastes a lot of time watching TV. Note: a waste of time / money + V-ing * sit / stand / lie+ (adverb of place)+ V-ing Ex: I stood there wondering what to bởi next. He is lying in bed reading a novel. * find catch + O+ V-ing Ex: When I walked into my office, I found George using my telephone. * need + to-infinitives (if the subjects are persons) need + V-ing / lớn be + PP (if the subjects are things) Ex: I need lớn borrow some money. The house needs painting / to be painted. * make let + OV (bare infinitives) Ex: Mrs Lee made her son clean his room. My father let me drive his car. * have + O (persons) + V (bare infinitives) have + O (things) + V(PP) = ask + O + to lớn infinitives Ex: Jane had the waiter bring her some tea. I had my watch repaired by someone. 4. Verbs of perceptions. See, notice, watch, look at, observe. Hear, listen to. Feel. Smell + O + V-ing / bare infinitives Ex: I saw my friend run / running down the street. I heard the rain fall / falling on the roof. 5. Some verbs are followed by either khổng lồ infinitives or V-ing with no difference in meaning * begin, start, continue, like, love, hate, can"t stand = can"t bear (khng th chu ng c) + O+ V-ing Ex: It began khổng lồ rain / raining. But It was beginning khổng lồ rain. 6. Some verbs followed by either to infinitives or V-ing with a difference in meaning * a. Remember forget regret V-ing / to infinitives remember to do St remember doing St Ex: Judy always remembers to lớn lock the door before she leaves home. It began to lớn get cold & he regretted not wearing his coat. Note: regret to say / khổng lồ tell / lớn inform you that... Ex: We regret to inform you that we cannot offer you the job. B. Try to vày St: try doing St: attempt lớn do, make an effort to do do St as an experiment or chạy thử Ex: I"m trying to learn English. The room was hot. I tried opening the window, but that didn"t help, so I tried turning on the fan, but I was still hot. Finally, I turned on the air conditioner. C. Stop to vì chưng St: stop doing St: stop SO (from) doing St = prevent SO from doing St Ex: I stopped lớn ask the way to the airport.

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He stopped smoking 3 months ago. I can"t stop him talking lớn the press. Excersises: Put the verbs into the correct khung 1. I was very tired. I tried my eyes open but I couldnt. (keep) 2. She told him the door. (lock) 3. My father allowed me his camera. (use) 4. I want the truth. (know) 5. When I was tired, I enjoy television. Its relaxing.(watch) 6. It was a nice day, so we decided for a picnic. (go) 7. Yên not in a hurry. I dont mind (wait) 8. We were hungry, so I suggested dinner early. (have) lớn keep lớn lock to use to know watching lớn go waiting having Exercise 1: Put the words in the correct order : She has a train to catch. - train / catch / she / a / have Examples - lot / of / a / housework / there / be / vì chưng There is a lot of housework to do. Exercise 1: Put the words in the correct order : Who wants something to eat? 1. Who / something / eat / want 2. Letters / I / write / some / have I have some letters lớn write. / I have to write some letters. 3. Delighted / hear / I / be / the news. I am / was delighted khổng lồ hear the news. 4. My / shopping / some / mother / vày / have My mother has some shopping lớn do. Exercise 1: Put the words in the correct order : You always have too much khổng lồ talk about. 5. Always / much / talk / have / you / too / about. 6. Lovely / see / it / again / you / be. Its lovely to lớn see you again. 7. Out / cold / it / go / too / be. It is/was too cold lớn go out. 8. Passed / exams / know / happy / I / be / that / you / have / the. Yên ổn happy to lớn hear that you have passed the exam. Exercise 2: Rewrite the sentences, using the words given in brackets: He saw them arrive trang chủ late. - They arrived home late. (He saw) Examples - She didnt want to lớn stay there for the weekend. (They made her) They made her stay there for the weekend. The police watched them get out of the car. 1. They got out of the car. (The police watched) 2. They allowed him to lớn write a letter to his wife. (They let) They let him write a letter to lớn his wife. 3. They talked in the next room. (I heard) I heard them talk in the next room. 4. The customs officer told him to open the briefcase. (The customs officer made) The customs officer made him open the briefcase. Exercise 2: Rewrite the sentences, using the words given in brackets: The boy saw the mèo jump through the window. 6. Maybe the company will ask him khổng lồ pay some extra money. (Do you think the company will make) bởi vì you think the company will make him pay some extra money? 7. The animal moved towards me, I felt it. (I felt) I felt the animal move towards me. 8. She wants lớn go for a picnic. (Do you think her parents will let) 5. The cát jumped through the window. (The boy saw) bởi you think her parents will let her go for a picnic? Homework: Exercise 3: textbook, p.81 Exercise 4: Workbook, p.44-45)